The college is named in the loving memory of its Patron, Pope St. Pius X who made the Knanaya community as a separate Diocese of Kottayam in the year 1911. This college was a realization of a long cherished dream of the great visionary, learned scholar, philosopher, teacher and orator, Rt. Rev. Dr. Mar KuriakoseKunnassery, former Archbishop of the Archdiocese of Kottayam. Acquisition of land for the college was over in the year 1980. St. Pius X College owns 25 acres of land which was bought by the generous contributions of the poor people of Rajapuram Colony, despite difficult times. A sincere priest with excellent leadership qualities and farsightedness, Rev. Fr. Dr. Stephen Jayaraj OFM (cap.), then vicar general of Malabar region channelized the required finance for the construction of the college. Once an abandoned and unknown backward area came to the limelight and became a nodal centre of growth with the establishment of this college. The foundation stone of the college building was laid on 14th January 1987 and blessed on 18th June 1990 by Rt. Rev Dr. Mar KuriakoseKunnassery.
For four years, from 1990 to 1994 the college functioned as an unaided college under the principalship of Rev. Fr. Jacob Kuruppinakath, who was succeeded by Rev. Sr. Savio. It was because of the untiring efforts of Rev. Fr. Dr. Stephen Jayaraj, the college was raised to the status of Govt. aided college in 1995. This was achieved with the timely help of Sri. K.M Mani, the revenue minister and Sri. OommenChandy, then Finance minister of Kerala state respectively. The college was inaugurated on 14th August 1995 by Sri. K.M Mani.
Initially the college started with three job oriented courses namely Bsc. Microbiology, Bsc. Physics and BA Economics. Prof. Joseph George Kanattu, an able academician took charge as the first principal who was succeeded by prof. K.J Cyriac, Prof. V.K Thomas, Rev. Fr. Dr. Jose P.K, Dr. C.K Luckose and Dr. Thomas mathew. Fuelled by the desire to provide the common people of this migrated region an avenue for pursing higher education, the management got sanction from the government to add two more degree courses- BBA and Bsc. Computer Science during the year 1999 and 2001 respectively. In 2013 government sanctioned M.A Development Economics and B.Com courses as aided courses. The college got NAAC Accreditation with B+ in the year 2005. The college got re accredited with NAAC A grade in the years 2014 and 2021.
Under the loving patronage of his grace Mar. Mathew Moolakkattu, Archbishop of the archdiocese of Kottayam Arch Eparchy and with the parental care and able guidance of the present manager, Rt. Rev. Mar Joseph Pandarasseril, Auxiliary bishop of Kottayam, the college is making rapid progress in the field of higher education. Every year the college produces several university toppers in various departments. The kind of education envisaged by the institution is all encompassing. Apart from academics and co-curricular activities the college aims at the complete personality development based on sound values.